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Unleavened Recipes

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Below you will find a variety of unleavened recipes. At the bottom of this page is a list of common leavening agents.

CHURCH OF GOD

Unleavened Bread & Other Unleavened Food Recipes


Abbreviations used:

C - cup or cups, pkg(s) - package(s), t - teaspoon (also tsp), qt - quart, T - Tablespoons (also tbsp), med - medium, oz - ounce, min - minutes

At the bottom of this page is a list of common leavening agents.



BREADS


PASSOVER BREAD


1 C flour

1/4 tsp + dash of salt

3/4 T butter

1/2 T olive oil

1/4 C water


Add salt to flour, cut butter into flour until size of peas. Add oil and water and mix until dough comes away from sides of bowl into a ball. Knead on lightly floured board 1 min to form a smooth ball. Roll thin on floured board. Place on ungreased baking sheet. Prick dough with tines of fork. Bake at 350 for 10 to 12 min.


WHOLE WHEAT FLATBREAD


4 C whole wheat pastry flour

2 egg yolks

1-1/2 t salt

2 T vegetable oil

3 T butter

7/8 C milk or water


Sift flour then add salt, cut the butter into flour mixture, like making pastry. In another bowl, beat egg yolks, adding oil slowly. Pour this mixture into flour and stir with spoon or fork until it forms a ball of dough that comes away from the side of the bowl. Knead lightly on a floured board for about a minute to shape dough into a soft ball.


Lightly flour the board again, pinch off about one-third cupful of dough and with the hands pat it as thin as can easily be done, then roll it thinner with rolling pin. Keep working the dough and rolling it until dough is so thin, it just holds together without breaking when handled. Place rolled dough on ungreased baking sheet and mark into squares of any desired size with a knife.


Bake in preheated oven 390-400 for 8-12 minutes until very lightly browned.


FLATBREAD


2 C whole wheat flour

4 T butter

1/2 C yellow cornmeal

2/3 C warm water

1/2 t salt


Sift flour, cornmeal and salt together. Cut in butter and mix until crumbly. Stir in warm water and chill. Roll chilled dough into balls the size of large marbles. Roll out into paper-thin rounds, 4" in diameter. Bake on an ungreased cookie sheet at 375 for 5 minutes or until lightly browned. Cool and store in a tightly sealed container. This dough may be wrapped in waxed paper and kept in the refrigerator to be baked as needed.


UNLEAVENED BREAD (#1)


3 C flour

2 T oil or butter

3 large eggs

1/2 C water or milk

1 t salt


Combine flour and salt. Combine eggs and oil; beat, then add egg mixture to flour. Add milk, beat hard for 2-3 minutes. Pour into three 8" square greased pans. Bake at 450 for 20 minutes.


UNLEAVENED BREAD (#2)


3/4 C scalded milk

1 egg

1/4 C Honey

2-1/4 C flour

1/4 C butter

1 t salt


Beat egg, milk, honey, and butter together, while gradually adding the flour. Knead smooth. Roll to 1/4" thickness. Cut in rounds or squares. Prick with a fork. Place on baking sheet, bake at 375 for 15-20 minutes.


UNLEAVENED BREAD (#3)


5 C flour

4 T sugar or honey

1/2 C cream

1 C milk

1 C oil or 1/2 C butter and 1/2 C oil

1/4 t salt


Mix dry ingredients. Melt butter and blend with oil, milk and cream. Stir liquid into dry ingredients, knead well. Roll out on floured board, cut and place on ungreased cookie sheet. Bake at 375 until lightly browned.


WHOLE WHEAT ROLLS


2 C. whole wheat flour

1 t salt

1 T sugar

1 C water

1/2 c oil

4 eggs


Mix dry ingredients in large bowl. In small saucepan bring to boil water and oil. Pour over flour and stir until all flour is moist. Add 4 eggs, one at a time. By Tblsp put on cookie sheet 2 inches apart. Bake at 425 for 15 min and then 350 for 15 - 20 min. Makes 24 rolls.


ALMOND BREAD


4 eggs

3 C flour

1 C sugar

1 small bag slivered almonds

3/4 C oil or butter

1 t almond extract


Mix sugar, eggs and 1 Cup flour, add oil or butter. Add remaining ingredients. Pour into 2 bread pans, bake at 350 for 30 minutes. Remove from pans; slice as needed.


CHEESE BREAD


1/2 lb longhorn cheese

3 eggs

1/2 lb jack cheese

1-1/3 C milk

1 C flour

1/2 C butter, melted

1 t salt


Grate cheeses, mix all ingredients and pour in greased pan. Bake at 350 for 45 minutes.


UNLEAVENED BATTER BREAD


A kind of unleavened bread can be made in heavy iron corn stick pans or gem pan (gems are kind of small muffin). The oven is set at 425 and the iron pans are placed in it to heat while the batter is being made. Before batter is placed in pans, butter the pans with a pastry brush. Salad oil has a tendency to make bread stick. Butter or shortening is preferable.


WHOLE WHEAT or GRAHAM GEMS


2 C whole wheat or graham flour

2 t sugar

3/4 to 1 t salt

1 egg

1-1/2 C cold milk


Mix flour, salt and sugar. Beat egg well, add milk and stir well. Add flour in three additions, beating vigorously after each one. Fill sizzling hot, buttered iron gems or corn stick pans and bake 20-30 minutes in a 425 oven.


CORNMEAL GEMS


2 C yellow cornmeal

2 C milk, scalded

3/4 t salt

2 T butter

2 T brown sugar

2 eggs, well-beaten


Mix cornmeal, salt and sugar together and stir in hot scalded milk; add butter and cool until eggs will not be cooked as they are stirred in. Add beaten eggs and fill buttered muffin pans 2/3 full. Bake in 400 oven about 30 minutes.


SPOON BREAD


1 C cornmeal

2 T butter

1/2 t salt

4 eggs, beaten

2 C boiling water

1 C cold milk


Preheat oven to 450. Combine cornmeal, salt and 2 cups boiling water. Stir for a minute, remove from heat. Add butter, beat well. Add eggs and cold milk. Pour into buttered baking dish. Bake for 25 minutes.


CANADIAN BANANA BREAD


1 C brown sugar, packed

1/2 c oil

1 t vanilla

3 large ripe bananas, mashed

2 eggs, well-beaten

2 C sifted whole wheat flour

1/2 t salt

1/2 C chopped nuts


Cream sugar and oil, add vanilla and mashed banana, then eggs. Sift all dry ingredients together twice and add to creamed mixture with nuts. Pour into a greased loaf pan and bake for 1 hour at 350.


FRUIT NUTBREAD


1/3 C butter

1 egg, beaten

1-1/2 C whole wheat flour

2 C quick oats

1/4 t salt

1/4 C chopped nuts

1 C mashed bananas

1/4 C chopped dates

2/3 C honey

1/4 C chopped dried apricots

1/3 C orange juice

1/4 C raisins


Melt butter and set aside to cool. Mix flour and salt, add banana, honey, orange juice, egg and butter. Blend just until flour is dampened. Stir in oats and all the rest of the ingredients. Pour into well-greased 9"x5"x3" loaf pan. Bake about 350 for about 50 minutes. Cool in pan for 10 minutes. Remove from pan and finish cooling on rack. For easier slicing, wrap in foil and store overnight.


STRUDEL (Stretched Dough)


3 C sifted flour

2 eggs

1/4 t salt

3 T salad oil

1/4 C lukewarm water

Any fruit filling


Sift together flour and salt. Combine eggs, oil and water, then work them into the flour, mixing until the dough leaves the side of bowl. Knead the dough for about 10 minutes, or until smooth. Place a warm bowl over it and let it stand for about 20 minutes.


Cover a large working surface with a clean tablecloth, sprinkle the cloth with flour and roll out dough as thin as possible. Now begin the stretching process. Flour knuckles of your hands, form hands into a fist and place them under the pastry. Carefully and gently, pull the dough toward you with the back of your hands. Stretch from all directions until dough is transparent. Cut away any thick edges. Brush with oil or melted shortening.


Place filling down the length of one side about 2" in from edge. Turn this 2" flap over the filling and lift the cloth to continue to roll the dough over and over from the edge.


Cut rolled strudel down the middle into 2 loaves. Place the loaves on a heavily greased baking pan, brush the tops with oil, and bake in a 400 oven for about 35 minutes or until they are crisp and brown. Cut into slices. Each strudel will yield about 20 slices.


FLOUR TORTILLAS


2 C flour

1 t salt

1/4 C shortening

1/2 C lukewarm water


Cut shortening into flour-salt mixture until size of peas. Add water. Knead. Let rest 10 minutes. Form into 2" balls, roll to 1/4" thick. Use heavy skillet or griddle, ungreased and very hot. Turn tortilla 3 times and it should be done when small dark brown spots speckle the bread.


CORN-LACE ROUNDS


1/2 C boiling water

1/2 C cornmeal

1/2 t salt, scant

2 egg whites


Mix first three ingredients, cool, and fold in the stiffly beaten egg whites. Drop by teaspoon onto greased baking sheet, and bake in 350 oven about 30 minutes. Makes about 14 small Cakes. Three tablespoons of sauted and crumbled dried beef gives variation. [Comment: to avoid leavening, do not beat egg whites.]


UNLEAVENED BISCUITS


1 C flour, sifted

4 T shortening

1/2 C cornmeal

1 egg

1/2 t salt

Milk


Mix all together, adding enough milk to make a medium stiff dough. Roll out about 1/4" thick. Cut out. Place on a slightly greased pan. Oil the tops. Bake about 8 minutes in a preheated oven of 425


HUSH PUPPIES


1 large onion

1/2 t salt

2 C cornmeal

4 T sugar

1 C flour

4 T cooking oil

2 eggs


Mix ingredients and drop by teaspoonfuls into hot oil. Drain well.


BEATEN BISCUITS


3 C flour (sifted)

3 T butter

1 t sugar

1 T oil

1 t salt

1/2 to 7/8 C milk or water


Sift flour, sugar and salt together. Cream butter, slowly adding oil. Add this mixture to flour and work with hands. Add just enough milk to make a very stiff dough. Turn dough onto a barely floured surface and knead it into a smooth ball. Then take a wooden rolling pin or a wooden potato masher and beat the dough for about 20-25 minutes, stopping frequently to fold the edges under toward the center of the dough. When dough blisters and snaps on being pulled, roll to about 1/2" thickness. Cut with a small biscuit cutter, prick the tops once with a fork and place on a greased baking sheet. Place in a 350 oven and bake 10 minutes. Increase to 375 and bake 15-20 more minutes. They should be very lightly browned and usually only on the bottom.


If you do not wish to beat the dough, another method is to run the dough through a meat chopper or food grinder, using the coarse blade. Do this four or five times or until dough feels elastic. Knead it just until smooth before rolling out.


QUICK MAYONNAISE BISCUITS


2 C sifted flour

1/3 C sharp cheddar

1/3 C mayonnaise

cheese (shredded)

3/4 C milk

2 T onion (minced)


Mix together flour, mayonnaise and milk until well blended. Add cheese and onion. Drop by tablespoon onto greased cookie sheet. Bake at 350 for 10 minutes until lightly browned.


BISCUITS


6 C flour

1-1/2 t salt

1/4 C shortening

Buttermilk to form dough


Knead dough till well mixed. Pinch off ball and roll. Flatten in pan. Brush lightly with shortening or butter. Bake at 400 for 15-20 minutes.


CHEESE BISCUITS


2 C sifted unbleached flour

1/2 lb margarine or butter

1 lb sharp cheese, grated

1 t cayenne pepper


Sift dry ingredients and cut in butter. Add cheese and form into small balls. Place on cookie sheet and bake at 400 for 10 minutes or until golden brown.


CHEESE PUFFS


8 oz. cheddar cheese, grated

1 stick butter (1/2 cup)

1 c flour

Worcestershire sauce to taste

Garlic salt to taste


Combine ingredients. Roll into walnut sized balls and bake at 325 for 15 - 20 min.


FLAKY CHEESE TWISTS


2 C flour, sifted

3/4 t salt

1/4 t paprika

3/4 c. oil

1 1/2 c (6 oz) shredded cheddar cheese

1/3 - 1/2 c. cold water


Sift together flour, salt, paprika. Stir in with fork 1/2 c oil until mixture resembles coarse crumbs. Add cheese and mix well. Sprinkle with water 1 T at a time, mixing lightly until dough begins to stick together. Press into ball. Roll out on lightly floured surface to 10 x 16 in rectangle. Spread with 2 T oil; fold 4 corners to center. Roll out again. Wrap with waxed paper and chill in refrigerator for 30 minutes. Roll out 1/4 in thickness. With floured pastry wheel or knife, cut into strips 1/2 x 4 in and twist. Place on ungreased cookie sheet. Bake in preheated oven 400 for 10 - 12 min or until golden brown.


GERMAN PANCAKES


4 eggs

1 T sugar

1/2 t salt

2/3 C sifted flour

2/3 C milk

2 T soft butter


Heat oven to 400. Butter two 9" cake pans well. Beat eggs until light yellow. Add remaining ingredients, beat until smooth. Pour into pans and bake for 20 minutes, then reduce heat to 350 and bake 10 minutes. Slide onto hot plates. Serve with lemon slices, powdered sugar and butter, syrup, jelly, honey, etc. Yield: two 9" pancakes.


SOUR CREAM PANCAKES


3 eggs

1 C sour cream

1/2 t salt

6 T matzo meal

1/4 t pepper


Beat eggs, blend all ingredients, drop by tablespoon into greased skillet. Brown on both sides.


SWEDISH PANCAKES


3 eggs

1/2 t salt

1 1/2 C milk

1 C flour

Oil for frying


Mix all but the oil with hand beater until well blended. Prepare a large frying pan by heating to medium hot. Put about 1 teaspoon of oil in a skillet (enough to cover bottom). Pour 3/4 ladle of batter into pan and tilt pan immediately so it covers bottom completely. When it appears "dry on top," turn over. Remove and serve rolled or folded, spread with butter and maple syrup; or roll with strawberries and top with whipped cream.



POPOVERS


Two secrets for popovers: preheat the baking cups and mix batter in blender. Mix only until well mixed, don't over do. Changing half the flour to wheat flour is delicious, but the popovers will not be as high.


POPOVERS (# 1)


1 large egg

1 C milk or 1/2 milk/1/2 water

1/2 t salt

1/2 t oil or melted butter

1 C flour, sifted

1 t sugar (optional)


Start oven 10 minutes before baking; set at 450. Butter a popover pan with 9-12 medium cups or use custard cups, and heat 3-4 minutes in oven. Mix flour, salt, sugar and resift into mixing bowl. Combine milk, egg and butter, add to flour mixture, then beat thoroughly with a rotary beater a minute or two. Batter should be bubbly. Pour batter quickly into the hot pan or cups, half full. Place in hot oven and bake for 15 minutes, then reduce heat to 350 and bake 15 minutes longer.


POPOVERS (#2)


4 eggs

1 t salt

2 C milk

1 T oil

2 C flour

1/2 t vanilla


Heat oven to 450. Grease 12 deep custard cups or 16 medium ones. Beat eggs slightly, then add milk, flour and salt. Beat till smooth. Add oil and vanilla, mix. Do not over beat. Pour into cups, and bake 25 minutes. Lower oven temperature to 350 and bake 15-20 minutes more. Remove from pan immediately. Serve warm.


DUTCH BABY POPOVERS


6 large eggs

2 T butter, melted

1 C flour

2 T shortening

1/2 t salt

1 C milk


Make batter at least 1 hour before baking or even a day ahead. Put eggs, flour, salt, milk and butter in blender. Cover and blend 30 seconds at medium speed, until smooth. Cover batter and let stand up to 4 hours at room temperature or chill overnight. Heat oven to 450. Using 1 tablespoon of shortening for each, grease two 9" metal pie pans or ovenproof iron skillets. Place greased pans in oven for 5 minutes to heat.


Pour batter into pans and bake 20 minutes. Reduce oven temperature to 350 and bake 5-10 minutes longer, until edges are puffed and golden. Remove to warm serving plates and cut into wedges. Makes 8 servings. Good with syrup or any kind of fruit sauce.


Strawberry Sauce: Thaw one 10-ounce package of frozen strawberries. Mix 1/4 cup water and 1-1/2 teaspoon cornstarch in a 1-quart saucepan. Stir in strawberries and 1 tsp. fresh grated lemon peel. Stir over moderate heat until it comes to a full boil.


CHEESE POPOVER PUFFS


1 C flour

2 eggs

1/2 t salt

1 T margarine, melted

1 C milk

1/4 C cheddar cheese, shredded


Combine all ingredients except cheese. Beat at medium speed until smooth; stir in cheese. Heat a well-greased muffin pan in hot oven for 3 minutes. Spoon in batter, filling 2/3 full. Bake at 425 for 15 minutes; reduce heat to 350 and bake 25 minutes until golden brown. Serve immediately. DO NOT OPEN DOOR while baking!


COTTAGE CHEESE ROLLS


1/2 C margarine

1 C cottage cheese

1 C flour


Mix ingredients together well and refrigerate 8 hours or overnight. Divide dough into two balls. Roll out one at a time as for piecrust on a well-floured surface. Cut into wedges and roll up each piece starting with wide end. Place on cookie sheet and bake 30 minutes at 350. If desired, frost with powdered sugar thinned with milk while rolls are still warm.


COOKIES


COCONUT COOKIES


5 eggs

1/4 t salt

1/2 C sugar

2 C shredded coconut, fresh

1 C matzo meal

2 lemons, juice and grated rind


To the well-beaten eggs, gradually sift in the sugar and beat until light. Add remaining ingredients in the order named. Mix well. Sprinkle a cookie sheet with a little extra matzo meal; drop cookies on this by teaspoons. Bake in 325 for 30 minutes, increasing heat to 350 for the last 10 minutes. Makes about 2 dozen cookies.



ALMOND MACAROON KISS COOKIES


3 eggs

1/2 C powdered sugar

3 oz cream cheese

1 t almond flavoring

1/2 C flour

14 oz coconut

1/4 C granulated sugar

Chocolate candy kisses


Mix cream cheese, flour, granulated sugar, powdered sugar, almond flavoring together, then add well-beaten eggs, then coconut. Cover cookie sheets with heavy paper (such as grocery sack) cut to fit. Don't grease. Bake at 300 about 30 minutes. Remove from paper with spatula while warm. Top with candy kiss while warm. Makes about 3 dozen cookies.


WALNUT-COCONUT-OATMEAL CHEWS


2 C quick-cooking rolled oats

1 t vanilla

1 C brown sugar

2 eggs, slightly beaten

1/2 C oil

3/4 C chopped walnuts

1/2 t salt

1 C flaked coconut


Mix oats, sugar and oil in large bowl; let stand in refrigerator. Add remaining ingredients; mix well. Drop from a spoon in small mounds onto a well-greased baking sheet. Pat out with back of spoon, making 2" rounds. Bake at 350 for 8-10 minutes.


CARROT COOKIES


1 C butter, margarine or shortening

1/4 t nutmeg

2 C flour, sifted

1 t vanilla

1/2 C sugar

1 egg, slightly beaten

1/2 t salt

1 C finely grated carrots

1/2 t cinnamon

1/2 C chopped nuts

Powdered sugar


Cream shortening until fluffy, sift flour, sugar and salt and spices together. Add to shortening and mix well. Add vanilla, egg, carrots and nuts. Form into two rolls 1" in diameter. Wrap in wax paper and chill at least 2 hours. Slice 1/2" thick and place on ungreased cookie sheet. Bake in preheated 375 oven 10-12 minutes. Roll in powdered sugar while still warm.


SHORT BREAD COOKIES


1-1/2 C butter

1 t vanilla or lemon flavoring

3/4 C sugar

1 egg

3-1/2 C flour


Mix. Roll thin and cut with cookie cutter. Bake 10-12 minutes or until light brown on bottom at 350. Sprinkle with sugar or frost.


BUTTER PECAN COOKIES


1 C butter or margarine, softened

1 egg

2/3 C brown sugar, packed

2 C flour

1/2 teaspoon salt

Pecan halves


Cream butter and sugar, blend in egg. Stir together flour and salt; stir into creamed mixture. Chill 1 hour. Form into 1" balls; place 2" apart on ungreased cookie sheet. Flatten in one direction with fork tines; top each with a pecan half. Bake at 375 for 10-12 minutes.


PEANUT BUTTER COOKIES


1/2 C margarine

2 eggs

1/2 C peanut butter

1-1/2 C flour

1 C brown sugar

Pinch of salt


Mix all together. Make into 1" balls and flatten out. Put on greased cookie sheet and crisscross with a fork and bake at 375 for 10-12 minutes.


RAISIN CLUSTERS (No-Bake Cookies)


1/2 C margarine

1 t vanilla

3/4 C sugar

1/2 C chopped nuts

1 C chopped raisins

2-1/2 C puffed wheat

1 egg, beaten

1/4 t salt

1 T milk

Shredded coconut


In a saucepan melt margarine, add sugar, raisins, egg, milk, vanilla and salt. Bring to boil (be careful, it burns easily). Boil 2 minutes. Add cereal and nuts. Mix well. Cool slightly. Drop by spoon onto coconut and roll to coat. Place on wax paper to cool.


MOLASSES CRUNCH


1-1/2 C semi-sweet chocolate chips

1 T water

1/4 C light molasses

1-1/2 C toasted ready to eat, crisp rice cereal

1 T butter

1/2 C raisins


In a medium saucepan, mix the chocolate, molasses, butter and water. Place over low heat, stirring constantly until the chocolate and butter melt. Remove from heat, add the cereal and raisins and mix well. Drop by teaspoons onto waxed paper. Refrigerate until set. For variety, add chopped nuts and marshmallows.


CORNFLAKE COOKIES


1 C light corn syrup

1 C peanut butter

1 C sugar

7 C corn flakes


Bring syrup and sugar to a rolling boil. Blend in peanut butter. Pour over corn flakes. Drop by teaspoon onto waxed paper.


UNLEAVENED PECAN SANDIES


1 C butter

2-1/4 C flour

3/4 C sugar

1 C ground pecans

1-1/2 t vanilla


Cream butter until light and fluffy, add sugar gradually, cream well, add vanilla. Slowly add flour, then nuts. Roll small balls of dough in palms of hand. Place on ungreased cookie sheet and flatten. Top with pecan half (optional). Bake at 350 for 10-12 minutes until slightly browned. DO NOT OVERBAKE! Remove from cookie sheet immediately and cool on wire rack.


NO-BAKE FUDGE COOKIES


2 C quick oats, uncooked

2 C sugar

1 C chocolate chips

1/4 t salt

1 C raisins

1/2 C milk

1/2 C coconut

1 t vanilla

1/2 C chopped nuts

1/4 lb butter or margarine


Add first five ingredients in a large bowl. Bring next five to a boil. Combine together and stir until Chocolate chips melt. Cool slightly and drop by spoon on wax paper. Let stand until firm. For variety: use 3/4 cup chocolate chips and 1/4 cup of butterscotch. Add several tablespoons peanut butter to boiled mixture. Add 1/4 to 1/2 cup wheat germ to oat mixture.


ALMOND BUTTER BALLS


1 C butter

1/8 t almond extract

3 T confectioners sugar

2 C sifted flour

1 t vanilla

1 C chopped almonds


Cream butter and confectioners sugar, add flavorings. Stir in flour and almonds, blend well. Form into tiny balls and place on ungreased cookie sheet. Bake at 350 for 20 minutes. Roll in confectioners sugar while hot. Makes about 6 dozen cookies.


APPLESAUCE COOKIES


1 C brown sugar

1/2 t salt

3/4 C oil

1 t vanilla

1 C thick applesauce

4 C rolled oats

1/2 C nuts

1/2 C flour

1 egg


Beat brown sugar and oil together, add remaining ingredients, mix well. Drop from spoon onto greased baking sheet. Bake at 375 for 20-25 minutes until well browned.


MEXICAN WEDDING COOKIES


1 C butter

2 C flour

1/2 C powdered sugar

1/8 t salt

1 t vanilla

1/2 C chopped pecans


Cream butter, powdered sugar and vanilla. Combine flour, salt and pecans and stir into butter mixture. Shape into 1" balls. Bake on ungreased baking sheet at 325 for 20-25 minutes until lightly browned. Roll warm cookies in powdered sugar. Cool on racks and roll in sugar again.



WHEAT-GERM & OATMEAL COOKIES


3/4 C oil

3/4 C sifted soy flour

1 C honey

1/2 C raisins or dates

2 T molasses

1/2 C chopped walnuts

2 eggs

1 t salt

2 t vanilla

1-1/2 C wheat germ

2 C milk powder, sifted

2 C oatmeal


Combine oil, honey, molasses. Add eggs, one at a time. Combine dry ingredients and add to liquids, mixing well. Drop by teaspoonful onto lightly oiled cookie sheet. Bake 10-12 minutes at 350.


PEANUT BUTTER TREATS


1/2 C honey

Dash salt

1/2 C peanut butter

1/2 C nonfat dry milk

1/2 C confectioners sugar

1 C cornflakes


Mix all but cornflakes and knead until smooth. Shape into 1" balls and then roll in crushed cornflakes.


HEALTHY HONEYS


(A no-cook treat the kiddies can make)


1 C chunky peanut butter

3 C Wheat Chex cereal, crushed to 1-1/2 C

1 C honey

1 C nonfat dry milk

2 C Rice Chex cereal, crushed to 3/4 C


Combine peanut butter, honey, dry milk and Wheat Chex crumbs. Shape into 1" balls, (optional) press a Wheat Chex square cereal into each ball. Roll in Rice Chex crumbs. Cover. Chill until firm, about 2 hours. Makes about 5 dozen. Best if refrigerated.


PEANUT BUTTER QUICKIES


2 C crunchy peanut butter

2 C sugar

2 eggs, beaten

1 t vanilla


Combine peanut butter and sugar until creamy. Beat in eggs and vanilla. Shape into 1" balls. Place 2" apart on greased cookie sheet. Flatten by crisscrossing with fork. Bake at 375 for 10-12 minutes till browned. Makes about 6 dozen.


BAR COOKIES


ALMOND FUDGE TOPPED SHORTBREAD


1 C (2 sticks) butter, softened

1/2 c powdered sugar

1/4 t salt

1 1/4 c. all purpose flour

2 c (12 oz. pkg) Hershey’s semi-sweet chocolate chips

1 can (14 oz.) Eagle Brand Sweetened condensed Milk ( NOT evaporated milk)

1/2 t. almond extract

Sliced almonds, toasted


Heat oven to 350. Grease 13 x 9 pan. In mixer bowl, beat butter, sugar and salt until fluffy. Mix in flour. With floured hands, press into prepared pan. Bake 20 min until lightly browned. In heavy saucepan over low heat, melt chocolate chips with sweetened condensed milk, stirring constantly until chips are melted. Stir in almond extract. Spread evenly over shortbread. Sprinkly with almonds; press down firmly. Refrigerate 3 hours or until firm. Cut into bars. Store covered at room temp ( makes 24 to 36 bars).


OATMEAL & APPLE-BUTTER BARS


1-1/4 C flour

1 C packed brown sugar

3/4 C butter or margarine, cut in pieces

3/4 C apple butter

1-1/4 C quick-cooking oats


In a large bowl mix flour and sugar. Cut in butter until mixture resembles coarse crumbs. Stir in oats until well blended. Press half the mixture (about 2-1/2 cups) firmly in greased 8" square pan to form compact layer. Spread apple butter to within 1/2" of edges. Sprinkle remaining oats mixture over apple butter; press carefully but firmly. Bake in preheated 350 oven about 40minutes or until lightly browned. Cool in pan on rack. Cut in 1"x4" bars or 2" squares. Makes 16.


SPICY NUT BARS


1/2 C butter

1/4 t nutmeg

1/2 C shortening

1 egg

1 C sugar

2 C flour

1/2 t cinnamon

1/2 t salt

1 t vanilla

1/3 C chopped nuts


Cream butter, shortening, sugar, vanilla and egg until fluffy. Stir in sifted dry ingredients, then nuts. Dough will be stiff. Press evenly into 15"x10" shallow pan. Bake at 350 for 25-30 minutes. Cut into bars.


UNLEAVENED BROWNIES


2/3 stick butter

2 eggs

2 squares unsweetened chocolate

1/2 C flour

1 C sugar

1 t vanilla

Pinch salt


Melt butter and chocolate. Cool slightly. Sift flour, sugar and salt together. Add eggs, vanilla and mix with chocolate mixture. Pour into greased pan. Cook at 375 for 30-35 minutes.


BUTTERSCOTCH BROWNIES


1/2 C butter

1 t vanilla

1 C brown sugar

1 C flour

2 eggs

1/4 t salt


Mix all ingredients together and pour into greased 8" pan. Bake 30 minutes at 350.


EASY ALMOND CRUNCH BARS


1 pkg coconut-almond or coconut

1 or 2 t almond extract

pecan frosting mix

1 C powdered sugar

1 C flour

2 or 3 T milk

1/2 C margarine, melted


Mix first four ingredients. Spread in 9"x13" ungreased dish. Bake at 350 for 10-20 minutes until golden brown. In small bowl, combine remaining ingredients and drizzle over warm bars. Cut while warm.


SAUCEPAN BROWNIES


1/2 C butter or margarine

3/4 C flour

1 oz unsweetened chocolate

1 t vanilla

1 C sugar

1/2 C chopped pecans

2 eggs, slightly beaten


Preheat oven to 350. Melt butter in heavy saucepan with chocolate over low heat. Remove from heat and cool slightly. Add sugar, then mix in eggs. Stir in flour, vanilla and pecans. Spread into well-greased 8"x8"x2" pan. Bake 30-35 minutes. Cool in pan and cut.


OLD WORLD RASPBERRY BARS


2-1/4 C flour

1 C butter, softened

1 C sugar

1 egg

1 C chopped pecans

10 oz raspberry preserves


Combine all ingredients except preserves. Beat at low speed, scraping sides of bowl often until mixture is crumbly for 2-3 minutes. Reserve 1-1/2 cups of crumb mixture; set aside. Press remaining mixture into greased 8" square pan. Spread preserves to within 1/2" from edge of crumb mixture. Crumble remaining crumb mixture over preserves. Bake near center of oven for 40-50 minutes at 350. Cool. Cut into bars.


ORANGE GUMDROP CHEWS


3 eggs

1-1/4 C coconut

1-1/2 C orange slices, cut up

1 T water

2 C brown sugar

1/2 C broken nuts

1/2 t salt

2 C flour, sifted


Beat eggs with water till foamy. Slowly add sugar and salt, beating until light and fluffy. Mix candy, coconut, nuts and flour well and add to egg mixture. Spread in greased 15 1/4"xl0 1/2" x 1" jelly roll pan. Bake at 375 for 18-20 minutes or until done. Cool. Cut into bars.


CREAM CHEESE ALMOND SQUARES


1/2 C soft butter

1 T lemon rind

2 T sugar

2 T milk

1 C chopped almonds, toasted
1 C sifted powdered sugar

1/2 t grated lemon rind

1 T water

16 oz cream cheese, softened

1 t cinnamon

1 C sugar

Toasted sliced almonds

1 egg, lightly beaten


Mix butter, sugar, milk and 1/2 teaspoon lemon rind. Add flour and mix. Press into 9" pan and set aside. Mix cheese, sugar, egg and 1 teaspoon lemon rind. Add chopped almonds and pour into pan. Bake 1 hour and 10 minutes at 300. Mix sugar, water and cinnamon. Spread on hot dessert and let cool. Chill 3-4 hours. Cut and garnish with almonds.


DREAM BARS


1/2 C butter or margarine, softened

1 t vanilla

1/2 C brown sugar, firmly packed

1/4 t salt

1 C sifted flour

1 C corn flakes

1 C brown sugar, firmly packed

1 C shredded coconut

2 eggs

1 C walnuts


Mix 1/2 cup brown sugar, flour and butter. Press into greased 12"x 8"x 1" pan. Bake 15 minutes at 350. Mix eggs with 1 Cup brown sugar till light and fluffy. On low speed, add remaining ingredients just until mixed. Spread on other layer. Bake 20 minutes . . . butter while warm.


CRISPY DATE BARS


1 C flour

2 C crispy rice cereal

1/2 C brown sugar

1 C nuts, chopped

1/2 C butter, softened

1 t vanilla

1 C dates, chopped

2 C powdered sugar

1/2 C sugar

1/2 C butter

3 oz cream cheese, soft

1 egg, beaten


Combine first 3 ingredients, press into 11"x7" or 9" square pan. Bake at 375 for 10-12 minutes till golden brown. In medium saucepan, combine date, sugar and butter. Cook over low heat till mixture comes to a boil, stirring constantly. Simmer 3 minutes. Blend about 1/4 cup hot mixture into 1 beaten egg. Return to sauce pan. Cook until mixture bubbles. Remove from heat. Stir in 2 cups crispy rice cereal, 1 Cup of chopped nuts and 1 teaspoon of vanilla. Spread over baked crust and cool. Combine powdered sugar, vanilla and cream cheese, beat on low speed until smooth. Spread over cooled filling. Cut into bars.


PINEAPPLE CHEESECAKE BARS


1/2 C sweet cream butter

1/4 C sugar

1-1/4 C flour

1 egg

1/3 C sugar

1 T lemon juice

1 T grated orange peel

8 oz cream cheese, soft

1/2 C candied pineapple, diced


In bowl, cut butter in chunks. Add flour, sugar and orange peel and beat on low speed, scraping sides of bowl often till well mixed. Reserve 1/2 cup crumb mixture and set aside. Press the rest into ungreased 8" square baking dish. Bake near center of 350 oven for 12-17 minutes. In the same bowl, mix the rest of ingredients except pineapple. Beat on medium speed till light and fluffy. Add pineapple. Spread over baked crust (hot). Sprinkle with remaining crumb mixture. Return to oven. Bake 15-20 minutes. Cool Completely. Cut. Cover. Store in refrigerator.


RAISIN SQUARES


1 C raisins or dates

1/2 C brown sugar

2 T lemon juice

3 T honey or molasses

Grated rind of 1 lemon

1-1/3 C oatmeal

1 C water

1-1/4 C wheat flour

6 T butter

1/2 t salt

1 t oil


Cook raisins, lemon juice and rind and water until raisins are tender. Thicken with cornstarch if necessary. Set aside. Cream butter and add oil, blend in sugar, blend in honey. Add all remaining ingredients and press half of mixture in 9" pan. Spread on the raisin mixture. Sprinkle reserve crumb mixture on top, smooth and press down. Bake 25 minutes at 375.


QUICK OATMEAL BARS


1/2 C margarine, melted

1 1/2 C quick rolled oats

3/4 C nuts, chopped

1/2 C sugar


Mix well all ingredients (mixture will look dry). Press into 9" square baking pan. Bake in preheated 375 oven for 15 minutes. Cool 2 minutes, then cut into bars. Remove to rack to cool.


CAKES


UNLEAVENED CHOCOLATE CAKE


1-1/2 C flour

2 T corn syrup

2 C sugar

4 eggs

1 C vegetable shortening

2 T vanilla

8 T cocoa


Cream shortening, sugar and eggs. Combine all other ingredients. Beat until fluffy and light. Pour into 2 greased 8" pans. Bake at 350 for about 30 minutes. Cool and frost.


APPLESAUCE LOAF CAKE


1/4 C honey or pure maple syrup

1 t cinnamon

1/3 C corn oil

1/2 t ground cloves

1 3/4 C whole wheat flour

1 C raisins

1/2 t salt

1 C thick applesauce

1 egg

1 C nuts (optional)


Beat honey, oil and egg together. Sift dry ingredients together and add spices. Lightly stir in raisins, nuts and applesauce. Spoon batter into oiled 9"x5" loaf pan. Bake 40 minutes at 350.


SURPRISE CUP CAKES


4 squares semi-sweet chocolate

4 eggs

2 sticks margarine

1 C flour

1/2 t burnt sugar flavoring (optional)

1-3/4 C sugar

3/4 C pecans, chopped

1 t vanilla


Melt chocolate and margarine and flavoring. Add pecans; set aside. Mix, but do not beat eggs. Add flour and sugar. Fold into chocolate mixture. Spoon into muffin tins lined with cup liners. Fill about 2/3 full. Bake at 325 for 35 minutes. Makes about 1 1/2 dozen. Frosting is optional.


VIENNA CHERRY TARTS


1 C cottage cheese - small curd

1 C butter

2 C unbleached flour

1/2 t salt

1 21 oz can cherry pie filling


Cream butter & cottage cheese, add flour and salt, then mix well. Using a third of the dough at a time, roll out on a floured board until quite thin. Cut in 3 in squared. Place 3 cherries on half of each square. Fold other half of each square over the filling to form a triangle then press edges together to seal. Bake on ungreased cookie sheet at 350 for 20 min. Ice with 1 C powdered sugar and 1 T milk. Makes 3 dozen.


TUNNEL OF FUDGE CAKE


1/2 C butter or margarine

2 C flour

1 pkg chocolate butter-frosting

6 eggs

1-1/2 C sugar

2 C walnuts


Cream butter well, add eggs one at a time, beating well after each one. Gradually add sugar. By hand, stir in flour, frosting mix and walnuts. Bake in greased and floured bundt pan at 350 for 60-65 minutes. Cool 2 hours.


GOLDEN WESTERNER CAKE


3 sticks butter or margarine

1 t vanilla

1 Carton powdered sugar

1 t lemon juice

Fill emptied sugar carton with flour, sifted 3 times

6 eggs


Have eggs and butter at room temperature. Cream butter, add powdered sugar and beat until fluffy. Add eggs one at a time, beating well after each. Sift flour 3 times, fill empty sugar carton with flour, and add gradually to batter. Add flavorings and mix well. Bake in a greased and floured bundt pan at 325 for 1-1/2 hours. If desired, sprinkle with powdered sugar or serve with ice cream and fruit.


COCONUT CAKE


1 C oil

2 C flour

2 C sugar

1 t salt

1 t coconut flavoring

1 Can coconut (3-1/2oz)

6 whole eggs


Cream oil and sugar, add coconut flavoring and beat. Add eggs. Sift flour and salt together and fold in coconut. Bake in well-greased tube pan at 325 for 1 hour and 10 minutes.


Icing: Mix 1-1/2 cup powdered sugar, 3/4 cup of boiling water, and 3 scant teaspoon coconut flavoring in a saucepan. Bring to a boil; boil 1 minute. Pour over cake and return to oven for 3 minutes.


RUM CAKE


3 C sugar

5 eggs

3 C flour

1/2 C shortening

1 C milk

1 C butter

1/2 t salt

1 t coconut extract

1 t vanilla

2 t rum extract


Cream butter, shortening and sugar well. Add eggs one at a time; add milk and extracts. Sift flour and salt together and beat in a small portion at a time. Bake in tube pan for 1 hour 15 minutes in a 300 oven.


Glaze: Melt 2 teaspoons butter, add 3 ounces of frozen orange juice concentrate and 1 Cup confectioners sugar. Mix well and spread onto cooled cake.


CREAM CHEESE POUND CAKE


1-1/2 C butter

1-1/2 t vanilla

8 oz cream cheese

1 t salt

3 C sugar
3 C flour

6 eggs


Cream butter, cheese, sugar, salt and vanilla until fluffy. Add eggs one at a time, beating well after each. Gently fold in flour. Bake at 300 oven in a large greased and floured bundt pan for 1-1/2 hours.




POUND CAKE (1)


1 lb butter

1 t vanilla

6 eggs total-add 2 eggs with each cup of flour

1/3 C sweet cream

2-1/2 C flour, whole wheat preferable


Cream butter, gradually add sugar and beat well. Add eggs (two eggs for each cup of flour), alternating with flour. Mix well. Add cream and vanilla. Bake at 250 until golden brown, using a bundt pan.


POUND CAKE (2)


1 C margarine or butter

1-1/2 t vanilla

4 eggs

1/4 t salt

1 C sugar

1/4 t ground nutmeg

2 C flour


Cream butter, gradually adding sugar until light and fluffy. Add vanilla, add eggs one at a time. Sift together flour, salt and nutmeg. Gradually add dry ingredients to egg mixture and beat until thoroughly blended. Turn butter into greased 9"x5"x3" loaf pan. Bake in a 325 oven for 60-65 minutes. Cool cake in pan. Makes 1 loaf.


PIE CRUST


FLAKY PIE CRUST (2"-9" pastries)


3/4 C shortening

1/2 tsp salt

2 C sifted flour

1/4 to 1/2 C ice water


Combine flour, salt, and shortening. Mix with pastry cutter until flour and shortening are crumbly (about the size of small peas). Pour enough ice-water into flour mixture to make a stiff dough. Divide in half and turn each portion onto a well floured board. Sprinkle dough liberally with flour and make into a ball (surface of dough would not be sticky). Using rolling pin, roll out into desired shape. Use for a hearty chicken or beef pot-pie, or an all purpose baking shell for any of your favorite pies, etc.


GRANOLA CRUMB CRUST (8" or 9" pie)


2 C Granola

1/4 C melted butter


Crush cereal. Combine with butter and press into pie pan. Bake 5 minutes at 350. Cool before filling.


CHEESECAKE CRUST


1 C flour

1/2 C butter, cut in

1/4 C sugar

1/4 t vanilla

1 egg yolk, slightly beaten

1 t lemon peel


Blend dry ingredients thoroughly. Cream butter, lemon peel, egg, and vanilla. Mix dry and creamed mix into dough. Pat dough on bottom of 9" pan. Bake at 400 about 6 minutes. Cool.



NEVER FAIL WHOLE WHEAT PIE CRUST


3 C whole wheat flour, and/or spelt flour

1C shortening (Crisco)

1 egg

1 T cider vinegar

5 T water or more if needed.


In bowl, cream flour and shortening until light, add egg, water, and vinegar. Mix until it forms a ball in the bowl, then roll out as desired. Makes approximately 4 pie crusts.



PIES


FUDGE PECAN PIE


3 eggs

1/4 C sugar

1 C light Karo syrup

1 t vanilla

2 T butter, melted

Milk chocolate chips


Fold pie crust into 9" pie pan. Sprinkle milk chocolate chips over bottom of pan crust until completely covered. Pour liquid mixture over chocolate chips. Lay pecan halves and chocolate chips over top of entire pie. Sprinkle coconut over top of entire pie. Bake at 350 for 50-60 minutes. Let cool for 1 hour.


TIN ROOF PIE


1/3 C creamy peanut butter

1 T light corn syrup

1 qt vanilla ice cream, softened

Chocolate syrup

2 C corn flakes Chopped

salted peanuts


Mix peanut butter, syrup and flakes. Press on bottom and sides of buttered 9" pie plate. Spread on ice cream, cover and freeze firm. To serve, drizzle with syrup and sprinkle with nuts.


BUTTERMILK PIE


1/2 C butter

1-1/2 t vanilla

3 eggs

1-1/2 C sugar

2 T flour

1 t lemon extract

2/3 C buttermilk


Melt butter, add to beaten eggs and sugar. Stir in remaining ingredients. Pour into 9" unbaked pie shell. Bake at 450 for 10 minutes. Reduce heat to 325 and bake until done, nearly one hour.


IMPOSSIBLE PIE


4 eggs

1/2 to 1 C sugar

1/2 C margarine

1 C coconut

1/2 C flour

2 t vanilla

2 C milk


Blend all ingredients in blender for few seconds. Pour into 10" pie plate. Bake at 350 for 1 hour or until center tests firm. The flour settles to form a crust, the coconut rises to become the topping, and the center is an egg-custard filling. The use of an electric blender is an absolute must.


FRUIT TART


9" pie shell, baked and cooled

8 oz cream cheese, soft

15-1/4 oz can pineapple tidbits

1/2 C apricot preserves

1 C strawberries, halved


Drain pineapple, keeping juice. Beat 3 tablespoons of pineapple juice, cheese and 1/4 cup preserves until smooth and blended. Pour into shell. Arrange fruits on top. In a saucepan, mix remaining preserves and 1 teaspoon of pineapple juice. Heat on low until it starts to boil. Pour over fruit. Chill. Makes 8 servings.


OTHER DESSERTS


EGYPTIAN HAROSET


1 lb dried raisins

1/4 C sugar or honey (optional)

8 oz pitted dates

1/4 C chopped walnuts/pecans

2 C water

1/2 tsp. Cinnamon


(1) Place raisins and dates in bowl and cover them with water, let stand for one hour.


(2) Add sugar or honey (if used), and whirl mixture in blender. A few spoons full at a time or divide mixture in thirds and place in a food processor.


(3) Put in saucepan, bring to boil and simmer over low heat until fruits are cooked and water is absorbed, about 20 minutes.


(4) Remove from heat and add 1/2 tsp. Cinnamon with the nuts, let cool.


Makes four cups. Use for Night to Be Much Remembered.


CHOCOLATE DELIGHT


1 stick margarine

1 C Cool Whip

1 C flour

2 small pkgs instant chocolate pudding

1 C pecans, chopped

1 8-oz pkg cream cheese

3 C milk

1 C powdered sugar


Mix first three ingredients together and pat into a 9"x13" pan for crust. Bake 20-25 minutes at 350. Cool completely.


Mix next three ingredients and pour over crust. Mix pudding and milk and pour over cream cheese layer. Remaining Cool Whip can be spread over entire mixture and refrigerate. This can also be frozen and then allowed to thaw a short while before serving.


CHERRY CHEESE CAKE


1/4 C butter

1/3 C raw sugar

2/3 C whole wheat flour and Miller's bran

1 egg

1 t lemon extract

2 T raw sugar

1 C sour cream

1/4 t cinnamon

3 T raw sugar

8 oz pkg cream cheese, softened

1/2 t vanilla or almond extract


For crust, melt butter in 8" baking dish. Stir in flour-bran mixture, sugar and cinnamon. Press evenly over bottom and up sides of dish. Mix next 4 ingredients and pour over crust. Bake uncovered for 5 minutes at 350. Combine sour cream, sugar and extract and spread over cream cheese mixture. Bake uncovered 2 minutes. Cool slightly, spoon on pie filling. Chill several hours.


APPLE CRISP


3 pared sliced apples

1-1/2 t lemon juice

1/2 t cinnamon

1/2 C flour

1/4 t salt

1/2 C rolled oats

1/4 C water

3/4 C brown sugar

1/3 C butter


Put apples in 9" pan, sprinkle with salt and cinnamon. Pour in water. Drizzle with lemon juice. In separate bowl, mix flour, sugar and oatmeal. Cut in butter until pea-sized. Spread over apples and pat firmly. Bake at 350 for one hour.


WHOLE-WHEAT TURNOVERS


1/4 t salt

1/2 C coconut

1-1/2 C whole-wheat flour

1/2 C raisins

1 T brown sugar

1/4 C pecans, chopped

1/2 C butter, softened

1/2 C powdered sugar

1/2 C apricot preserves

1/2 T vanilla

1/2 C sour cream

Milk


Stir together flour, brown sugar and salt. Cut in butter to coarse crumbs. Add sour cream, mixing till ball forms. Divide into 10 portions. On lightly floured surface, roll each portion into a 4-1/2" circle. Combine preserves, coconut, raisins and nuts. Place 2 tablespoons filling on each circle. Fold one side of dough over filling and seal edges by pressing with tines of fork. Bake on ungreased baking sheet at 375 for 25 minutes. Cool slightly on rack. If desired, drizzle with powdered sugar, vanilla and milk.


CRACKERS


SNACKIN' CRACKERS


2 C wheat flour

1/4 C oil

1 t salt

1/2 C cold water

1/2 C sesame seeds

Water

1/4 C raw wheat germ


Blend flour, salt, seeds and wheat germ. Add oil and mix with fork. Add cold water and mix well. Continue adding additional water a little at a time until dough is soft and workable. Knead 5-10 minutes. Take a golf-ball sized lump and roll it as thin as possible. Cut with a cookie or biscuit cutter. Place on ungreased cookie sheet at 400, turning to lightly brown both sides. For different taste, replace the cup of flour with cornmeal, rye or oat flour. Seeds can be replaced by sunflower or poppy seeds, or by coconut or chopped nuts. Any herb can be added.


SAVORY GRANOLA CRACKERS


2 C rolled oats

1/2 t salt

3/4 C whole-wheat flour

1/4 t oregano

1/2 C slivered almonds

1/4 t thyme

1/4 C wheat germ

1/2 t onion powder

1/4 C sesame seeds

3 eggs

1 T honey

3/4 C oil


Preheat oven to 400. In large bowl, stir together first 10 ingredients. Beat together eggs and oil, add to oat mixture. With a spatula, press dough evenly into a greased 10"x15" pan. Bake 20 minutes or until golden brown. Cut into 1-1/2" squares, then into triangles. Remove to rack to cool. Store in airtight container. Makes 50-75 crackers.


RUTHIE'S CRACKERS


2 C whole wheat flour

1/2 C oil

2 C white flour

1-1/2 C warm water

3 T sugar


Mix and take a piece as for pie dough and roll out thin as possible, keeping board well-floured. Place on baking sheet and cut in size squares desired. Prick with fork to avoid bubbles. Bake about 13 minutes at 375. Before baking, sprinkle with salt, garlic salt, onion salt, celery salt, or seasoned salt.


CHEESE CRACKERS


2/3 C grated cheddar cheese

3 T milk

2 T butter

2/3 C whole wheat flour


Grate cheese and measure. Cheese that has dried somewhat is better for grating. Sift flour and measure required amount.


Cream butter in a medium-size mixing bowl adding the cheese and blending until well mixed. Add milk, beating it in a tablespoonful at a time. Pour in flour and work the mixture with spoon or hands until it forms a fairly smooth ball.


Press out the dough on a lightly floured surface, then roll with rolling pin slightly thinner than for pie crust. Cut into small rounds or sticks. Prick with fork. Place pieces on ungreased cookie sheet and bake at 400 for 5-8 minutes. They should be slightly puffed and faintly brown. Makes about 2 dozen.


CHEDDAR CRACKERS


1/2 t salt

1/2 C finely chopped nuts

1/4 C finely minced onions

3/4 C flour

1/4 C wheat germ

1/3 C soft butter

Dash of cayenne pepper

1-1/2 C sharp cheddar, shredded


Combine salt, flour and wheat germ. Blend in butter, add rest. Halve dough, shape each piece into a roll 7"x 1 1/2". Wrap in wax paper and chill several hours. Slice into 1/4" wafers and place on a slightly greased pan and bake at 350 for 12-14 minutes.


PARMESAN ROUNDS


3/4 C grated parmesan

2 T cold water

1/2 C flour

2 T fine chopped nuts

1/8 t cayenne pepper

1 T parsley flakes

1/4 C soft butter


Mix grated cheese, flour and pepper. Cut in butter, sprinkle on water 1 tablespoon at a time, stirring after each with a fork till all is moist. Form into 1-1/2" roll. Combine nuts and parsley and coat the roll.


Cut into 1/4" slices. Place on ungreased pan, bake 12 minutes at 375. Cool These freeze well.


DOUBLE CHEESE TWISTS


2/3 C flour

2/3 C shredded cheddar

1/4 C cornmeal

2 T shortening

1/2 t salt

3-1/2-4 T cold water


Mix flour, cornmeal and salt. Cut in cheddar and shortening. Add water. Shape dough into a ball. Place between 2 sheets of wax paper. Roll into a 12"x 10" rectangle. Cut into 3"x 1/2" strips. Twist each 2 or 3 times. Place on ungreased pan, pressing down on ends to prevent curling. Bake 5-7 minutes at 425. Remove and roll in Parmesan cheese. Cool.


GRAHAM CRACKERS


2 C flour (whole wheat)

1/2 C molasses

2 T arrowroot

1/4 C water

1/2 C oil

1 t vanilla

1 1/2 C unbleached flour

1/4 C honey

1/2 t salt


Mix first 5 ingredients together until crumbly like pie dough. Mix liquids and pour into flour mixture, mix thoroughly, knead. Roll out on floured board. Cut into squares, prick with fork. Use pancake turner to lift onto greased pan. Bake at 275-300 for 30 minutes until slightly brown.


WHOLESOME OATMEAL CRACKERS


1 C quick-cooking rolled oats

2/3 C flour

1/2 t salt

seasoned salt, celery or garlic salt

1/3 C toasted wheat germ

1/3 C water

1 T brown sugar

1/4 C oil


In mixing bowl, stir together oats, flour, wheat germ, brown sugar and desired salt. Make a well in the center and add the water and oil all at once. Stir just until dry ingredients are moistened. Form dough into a ball and divide in half. On greased baking sheet roll half the dough to a 12"x8" rectangle. Cut into 2" squares. Bake at 350 for 20-22 minutes or until crisp. Remove to wire rack to cool. Store in tightly covered container. Makes 48 crackers.


MAIN DISHES


RICE DRESSING SUPREME


1-1/2 clear chicken stock

1/2 t pepper

2 C long grain rice

1 t accent

3/4 C diced onion

1 C diced celery

1 C mushroom pieces and juice

1 t thyme

1/2 stick margarine

1 t sage


Heat broth to boiling point. Season with 1 teaspoon of salt if not already seasoned. Add rice and stir till it boils up once. Lower heat, cover, and steam 15 minutes. Saute onion and celery in margarine until clear. Add remaining ingredients and combine the two mixtures. Turn into a casserole to be served hot. This can be chilled or frozen, and heated when needed.


KING RANCH CHICKEN


4 lb chicken, cooked, deboned, diced

12 corn tortillas

4 t chicken stock

1 can cream of mushroom soup

1 C chopped onion

1 Can cream of chicken soup

3/4 lb grated cheese

1 C chopped green pepper

16 oz can whole tomatoes


Line bottom and sides of greased 3-quart casserole pan with layer of tortillas. Sprinkle 2 teaspoon of chicken stock over tortillas. Make a layer with cream of mushroom soup, half the chicken, onions and peppers. Cover with another layer of tortillas, sprinkle remaining stock on top, and make a layer of cream of chicken soup, the rest of the chicken, onions and peppers. Top with tomatoes, cover with grated cheese. Bake 350 for 45 minutes.


PIZZA WITH YORKSHIRE CRUST


1 C butter

1 C milk

2 eggs

1 C flour

1/2 t salt

3 T wheat germ

2 T oil

1 small onion

1 Clove garlic, crushed

1/2 t oregano

8 oz can tomato sauce

1/4 t salt

8 oz mozzarella, sliced

1/8 t pepper


Beat milk and eggs until blended. Melt butter in 9"x 13" pan, while preheating oven to 400. Remove and tilt pan to coat bottom.


Combine milk-egg mixture with flour, salt and wheat germ. Pour into melted butter-pan to create crust. Bake 15 minutes. Reduce heat to 350 and bake 10 minutes. Heat oil in small skillet and saute onion and garlic, add sauce, oregano, salt and pepper and heat. Spread on baked crust and top with cheese. Return to oven and bake 5 minutes to melt cheese. Mushrooms, pepper, meat or other toppings can be added with tomato sauce.


TIJUANA TORTE


1 lb ground beef

1 med. onion, chopped

1 lb can stewed tomatoes

8 oz can tomato sauce

1 pkg taco seasoning mix

4 oz can chile salsa

1 lb cheddar cheese, grated

12 corn tortillas


Brown ground beef and onion in skillet. Add stewed tomatoes, chile salsa and taco seasoning mix. Combine and simmer 10-15 minutes. Place about 1/4 cup meat mixture in the bottom of a 9"x 13" baking dish, place 2 tortillas side by side on the meat mixture. Top each tortilla with some meat mixture and grated cheese. Repeat until each stack contains 6 tortillas, layered with meat and cheese. Bake at 350 for 25 minutes until cheese is bubbly. Cut each stack into quarters with a sharp knife before serving.


PIZZA TURNOVERS


1 lb ground beef

1/4 C onion chopped

1/3 C green pepper, chopped

2 T butter

1/3 C mushrooms, chopped

6 oz tomato paste

1/4 C water

1 t oregano leaves

1/2 t salt

1/4 t garlic powder

1 C shredded cheddar

pastry for 2 double crust pies


Brown meat, and drain well. Saute pepper, mushrooms and onion in butter. Combine meat and vegetables. Add tomato paste, meat water and seasonings; simmer 15 minutes. Add cheese. Roll dough to 1/8" thickness and cut in 3-1/2" circles. Spoon small amount of mixture in center, fold and press edges. Bake at 450 for about 10-12 minutes.

 

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COMMON LEAVENING AGENTS

Leavening agents are substances that are used to puff up or produce fermentation, causing dough to rise. Yeast, bicarbonate of soda (baking soda), and baking powder are such substances. Leavening can also refer to "sourdough" a naturally fermenting yeast batter. Foods that can contain leavening agents are bread, rolls, buns, cakes, some crackers, pancakes, waffles, doughnuts, certain cookies, cereals, etc. If you are in doubt about any product, check the list of ingredients. When you are not sure about a particular food -- don't eat it.

EGG WHITES are not considered to be a leavening agent unless they are beaten and used intentionally to “puff up” a flour mix. (see Jan. 71 Good news)

YEAST EXTRACT on the labels of certain foods are derivatives of yeast that cannot leaven anything. It would be all right to use a product containing yeast extracts providing it does not contain an actual leavening agent.

BREWERS YEAST is a food supplement that contains all the elements of the B vitamin complex. It has no leavening properties.

CREAM OF TARTAR is not a leavening agent unless combined with baking soda.

God tells us we must eat unleavened bread instead of leavened bread for seven days. Some stores carry unleavened bread and crackers. Always check the ingredients on the label to be sure. Just because a food looks unleavened, it still may contain a leavening agent. Perhaps you may enjoy making your own to be sure of the ingredients.

FOLLOWING IS A LIST OF COMMON LEAVENING AGENTS:

baker's ammonia, ammonium carbonate, ammonium bicarbonate (hartshorn), baker's yeast, baking powder, baking soda, bicarbonate of soda, sodium bicarbonate, potassium bicarbonate,double-acting baking powder, single-action baking powder, sourdough starter, yeast

NOTICE: Brewer's Yeast, Torula Yeast and Yeast Extract are not leavening agents. Autolyzed yeast and cornstarch are also not leavening agents. Autolyzed yeast is used as a flavor enhancer and cannot be used for making bread.

Concerning beer and other products:

The Church of God never taught that beverages or items not meant or fit for human consumption are to be removed. The Good News wrote on March, 1981: "There is nothing in the entirety of Scripture [as distinguished from human traditions!] to indicate any restriction on the kind of beverages we consume during the Days of Unleavened Bread -- no mention of these being the 'Days of Unleavened Beverages.' The fact is that in all cases where the Days of Unleavened Bread are mentioned, the reference is always to the example set by the children of Israel when they came out of Egypt without any leaven in their dough (see Exodus 12:39). There is no reference to the invisible yeast or result of it in either beer, wine or other beverages... If God had intended a ban on fermented beverages during the Days of Unleavened Bread, it would undoubtedly have been mentioned. In fact, such mention would have been necessary."

An old letter from the Letter Answering Department of the Worldwide Church of God adds the following:

"Items such as bread, cake, crackers, cookies, and prepared cereals and pies which contain leavening, of course, must be put out. Doing so is symbolic of putting both the visible and the hidden sins out of our lives. It is true, however, that leavening agents are also found in a number of products other than baked goods. Among these are beer, wine, and antacids, and some medications, bath powders, toothpastes, and dog foods. Even fire extinguishers contain forms of leavening agents. But, all these need not be discarded."

END


DC

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